Sorghum × sudangrass are not suitable for hay because of the thickness of their stems, which are difficult to cure or to crush and crimp. Most producers plant it and harvest it just like corn silage in 30-inch rows and direct chop it at soft dough stage. Sorghums are also best suited as silage crops in addition to green chop. Plant when the soil temperatures are at least 60 degrees. Surpass is usually harvested in 50-60 days for the first cutting. Protein content is similar to that of maize but energy content is usually less than that of maize. The hybrids are higher yielding than sudangrass and pearl millet, but they yield less than sweet sorghum. The whole plant is often used as forage, hay, and silage. Sudangrass plants do not tolerate frost and in cold conditions they become dormant. These qualities contribute to making forage sorghum a great option for farmers looking at livestock feeding opportunities. B. Venkatesh Bhat, in Breeding Sorghum for Diverse End Uses, 2019. These heifers were confined within a barn and fed a ration consisting of orange peels, cotton peels, broiler manure, barley, and corn straw (vitamin A estimate 4750 IU total daily intake; NRC recommendation 75 IU/kg body weight/day or ≈ 45,000 IU for a 600-kg (1320-lb) cow24). The optimum pH ranges from 3.5 to 4.5 (4). They have moderate tolerance to salinity and are less expensive to establish. Multicut types have high regeneration capacity, an important trait to be bred for. Horses are very susceptible to spoiled or moldy silage. Sudan grass hybrids have been developed from crosses of Sudan grass strains. It is a warm season annual grass and will regrow after each harvest. Cows fed the pelletized ration were 10.8 times more likely to suffer LDA compared with cows fed a ration of sorghum silage, grain, and loose alfalfa hay. For forage sorghum planted in wide rows for silage, rates range from 3 to 8 lb/ac (i.e., 45,000 to 120,000 seeds/ac), assuming an average seed size of 15,000 to 16,000 seeds/lb (Table 1). Fodder quality and breeding are presented in detail in a specific chapter. Yields have ranged from 3 to 5 tons/A dry matter. More than 50% of the yield is in the stems. K.B.R.S. They are thick stemmed and hard to dry for hay but they can supply ample yields of silage, green chop and pasture when perennial grasses are slowing down or going dormant. Sorghum-sudangrass hybrids have coarser stems and broader leaves than true sudangrass. hbspt.cta._relativeUrls=true;hbspt.cta.load(1667865, 'f405b29f-26f8-41e1-a641-6391192471aa', {}); Forage sorghum is a tall plant—usually growing to heights of 8-12 feet—that generates a great deal of biomass. This resulted in a very palatable and nutritious ensiled feed. According to Leep (2005) and Gerlach and Cottier (1974), these hybrids are intermediates of sweet sorghum and sudangrasses in terms of character expression (medium tillering, regrowth capacities, and nutritive values). 40-day intervals. the following: 1) non-BMR forage sorghum varieties averaged 24.1 ton/Ac (65% moisture) of silage with an average % IVTD of 75.9% and 2) BMR forage sorghum varieties averaged 20.7 ton/Ac of silage with an average % IVTD of 81.3%. A list of herbicides labeled for use in sorghum in Nebraska is available in the latest edition of the UNL Guide to Weed Management. Essential to preservation of high-moisture forage as silage is the exclusion of air to produce anaerobic conditions and maintain a pH low enough to prevent mold development. If you’re exploring planting sorghum this spring, we can help you determine which hybrids might work best for your operation. There is potential to save 116,373 acres feet of water (Almas et al., 2015). Immature corn silage is a lot like sorghum or sorghum sudan. Unlike forage sorghum, a sorghum-sudangrass hybrid will regrow following harvest by cutting or grazing. Stems and tillers are finer and more suitable for grazing, and dry down for haymaking more readily than other sorghum types. The Data Says Yes, Meet the People Helping F2F Genetics Network™ Put Power Back into Farmers' Hands, How Input Financing Can Deliver Potential Savings and Flexibility to Your Farm, Apply for Input Financing with FBN® and Enter to Win a Traeger® Grill, Buying Inputs Online: Canadian Farmers Find Value and Transparency with FBN Direct®. BMR hybrid forages offer real improvements so that production and quality are similar to that of maize when managed efficiently. •Forage sorghum silage yields have been similar to those of corn while using 30 percent less irrigation water •Sorghums will yield 1.75 to 2.5 tons of biomass per one inch of irrigation water •Sorghum silage yield increased approximately 0.75 ton/acre (at 65 percent moisture) for … Sudangrass is a valuable annual forage grass that grows rapidly and can be used for multiple cuttings. Forage Sorghum and Sudangrass: Two Alternatives for Livestock and More, sorghum often comes up as a cost-effective alternative, USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service, Ask These 5 Questions Before Buying Seed This Year, Can F2F Genetics Network™ Seed Boost Your ROI? It readily intercrosses with sorghum. We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. Unfortunately, it is difficult to produce mold-free silage. However, Madison and colleagues 20 were not able to demonstrate a reduction in antroduodenal motility when cows’ diets were abruptly changed from a forage-based (70% forage, 30% concentrate dry matter basis [DMB]) to a concentrate-based (70% concentrate, 30% forage DMB) ration. Sorghum-sudangrass hybrids have higher stalks than sudangrass and are normally harvested for green chop or silage but may be used for pasture or hay if chilled at a high seeding rate and harvested at immature stages (18 to 24 in. Although sorghum of any type can be used for hay or grazing, a sorghum-sudangrass cross or a sudangrass is usually a best choice. Sweet sorghum or sorgo has tall sweet juicy stems with small grain heads and is used mostly for silage. The conclusion so far is that utilization of sorghum forage as a total replacement for maize silage in the diets of lactating cows is possible in some cases. They can yield close to 20 tonnes DM ha−1 and are nearly equal in quality to corn silage. Yields of forage sorghums are comparable to corn and can range from 15- to 30-ton per acre depending on the soil, weather, and the … This is because of the lower grain-to-forage ratios of the sorghums, and also because the seed coat is harder than corn and far more grain passes undigested through the animal. It can be harvested as pasture, green chop, hay, or silage. Silage is high in moisture and distends the digestive tract if too much is fed. Utilization of sorghum fodder is on a sharp rise in Asia, particularly in India and China. Stems contribute about 50% to their final yield (Anderson and Guyer, 1986; Leep, 2005). Important antinutritional factors of sorghum include, David E. Anderson, in Food Animal Practice (Fifth Edition), 2009. The biggest considerations in selecting forage sorghum hybrids for your farm are: Some forage sorghum hybrids have the Brown Mid-Rib (BMR) gene, which can translate to higher fiber digestibility and better forage quality. It can be ready for harvest as early as 45 days after planting. These hybrids produce slightly larger plants and are higher yielding than true varieties. See sales order form for additional terms and conditions. Production of forage sorghum for silage requires significantly less water than corn silage. Recently, several producers successfully made high - quality "baleage" from sorghum/sudangrass. Specialist forage varieties with high grain digestibility are required. The grain content of the forage is near 50%, which is higher than maize. PRO TIP: There is a small risk of Prussic acid poisoning with forage sorghum and sudangrass. Silage should not be used without some hay also being fed. Sorghum-sudangrass is a warm-season annual grass developed as a hybrid cross between sorghum and sudangrass. Sorghum Sudangrass is a cross between sorghum and sudangrass with a finer stem. Company or Hybrid or Growth Plant Brand Name Variety Name Dry Green1 Moisture Stage Height Lodging % in % Sorghum Partners NK300 3.69 10.5 81 vegetative 66 0 Dyna-Gro Super Sile 30 3.39 9.7 81 boot 77 0 Desert Sun DSM 448-980 3.30 9.4 77 vegetative 53 0 Alta Seeds ADV F8322 … Of the 78 entries, 42 were brown midrib (BMR) forage sorghum and sorghum‐sudangrass hybrids, and 15 were brachytic hybrids (Table 1). Hybrid forage sorghums are usually developed from a forage sorghum female and a Sudan grass male plant. Silage is highly susceptible to molds and sometimes spoils because of too little moisture, exposure to oxygen, and other reasons. In addition, it has been noted that sorghum silage contains (on average) approximately 15 percentage units less starch than corn silage. Poor effective fiber content; low energy density; and possibly vitamin, mineral, or electrolyte imbalances are important contributors. Making baleage will not improve the quality of your forage. 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