While initially quite tricky to grasp, it’s a skill that really is a case of practice makes perfect. Over the centuries, different parts of the UK developed their own distinctive styles of hedge laying, all based on the same basic theory: Midland style. Because you're laying the pleachers/stems at a slight angle to the … Available free here », © 2020 Woodland Investment Management Ltd | If you're used to buying our magazine from the shops,  you can now order and receive the next issue delivered to your home. Laying hedges helps the hedge put on new growth at the base, helping thicken up leggy hedges with thin bases. Whilst laying the hedge the hedge layer bangs in stakes (often made from coppiced hazel) at 18 inch intervals along the line of the hedge. Small company that has been making billhooks and other tools since the 1800s. This makes for a denser overall hedge, with no disruption to either the nature corridor or the landscape. A hedge laid in the South of England style will cost about £10 to £12 per metre and today, with a chainsaw, a man can do about 30 to 40 metres a day. We are here for you. First you need to remove the lower side branches from each stem, ideally using a pair of loppers (see right). Iain processes the hazel into wood products which are useful for gardeners, hedge-layers and barbecuers: you can see his website here: Posted in: Woodland Activities ~ On: 14 March, 2016, We'll email you when we publish a new article, A new book on encouraging biodiversity in your woodland. A single line of hazel stakes are driven into the centre of the hedge, with the top bound with hazel binders. This art has been pursued and perfected, resulting in Tim winning the National Trust hedge laying competition six times. As with any tool, the feel of it in your hand is important, so it is worth finding a good tool supplier with a range you can try out for yourself. In reality it may also depend on the vicissitudes of management and when the owner gets … When your hedge is firmly bound, cut the cleft stumps (the stumps from the part of the stem not cut) down to just above ground level and be sure to leave them as clean and tidy as possible, as this is where regrowth is most desired. Follow our guide on how to lay a hedge and learn about the traditional ways to lay a hedge. When cutting into the stem (or ‘pleacher’), you need to slice down at an angle just above ground level. A combination of distinctive stakes and binders is used. Grow hazel in a mixed hedge for maximum advantages! By laying a hedge you not only create a living fence, you also help to encourage new growth, making it an excellent way of regenerating an old, overgrown hedge without replacing it. The pleachers are laid … This stem is called a “pleacher” and it is these pleachers which will grow back vigorously with vertical shoots making the hedge livestock-proof.In the Midlands hedge laying is called “plashing” and the French call it “plaisse”. Hazel hurdles (traditional riven hazel hurdles) Willow hurdles (different styles of weave) Gate hurdles in chestnut, ash or willow. Feb 6, 2019 - Explore Ian Baird's board "Coppicing and Hedgelaying", followed by 141 people on Pinterest. Iain coppices a hazel stool which has been growing for 15 years - which means he cuts off each rod at ground level, except two or three of the longer ones. Hazel cannot be planted alone because it needs another hazel to produce hazelnuts. In 1946 there were an estimated 500,000 miles of hedge in England. diameter 2″, bundles of 10 at a price of £6 per bundle. Tel: 01530 222934 In 15 years' time there will be another hazel "tree" and after this is cut new stems will grow from these roots and a new hazel stool will have been created. Hedge laying should be carried out during winter, and is usually done on the ditch side of the hedge. So set it up in a shrub bed, or add it to your hedge, that will make your hedge even more ornamental and especially, productive! Disclaimer | The Devon style hedge is normally laid on top of a bank. We are here for you. If there was an article called 'Hedgerow management' they could both belong there. Hedgelaying (or hedge laying) is a country skill practised mainly in the United Kingdom and Ireland, with many variations in style and technique. It's a different thing. A Morris & Sons Ltd. Tel 01647 252352. You are here: Home > Blog > Woodland Activities > Laying Hazel to grow new hazel coppice stools. The stakes and binders are produced from coppiced woodland poles, these can be Sweet Chestnut, Hazel, Willow or even Birch. "When I laid hazel initially I used to dig small trenches for the branches to lie in," explains Iain, "but I found that you don't need to - as long as it's pegged down it will propagate." In the UK and Ireland, hawthorn, blackthorn and hazel are popular trees for hedge laying. The end of the stalk is now about 7-10 metres away from the stool in a place where Iain wants to establish a new Hazel stool. The uprights are often bound together by such things as hazel whips woven around the tops of the stakes. New growth from the base will keep it healthy and thick for years to come. Again, you can source these from a local woodland worker. Contact us | The dead wood and live layers are woven along the centre line, with the top and side of the hedge being trimmed. Sign in to manage your newsletter preferences. The binders are woven along the top for maximum strength and the ends wedged behind the stakes. Somerset Iain uses the hazel rods that he harvests to make poles, hurdles and for pea-sticks. See hedgelaying.org.uk for details. M any deciduous woodlands have good growths of hazel coppice: it springs from a single stump or "stool" into long, straight rods which can be cut every 10-15 years and the length of the rotation will depend on what the stems are to be used for. These stakes need to be sturdy enough for you to hammer in, around 40-50mm thick, and cut to a length of around 1.6m. Styles of hedges vary across the country (see below), but the principles of hedge-laying remain the same. Starting at one end, weave your binders around the tops of the stakes to hold the stakes firmly in place and add further strength. Spar hook is a light and slim tool more commonly used by thatchers, but is also used by some hedge layers. Contact David Maltby, 33 Top Road, Griffydam, Leicestershire LE67 8HU. Some of his ideas have come from Brian Williamson, who is one of the promoters of the use of hazel, and National Beanpole Week. What would be the best plant spacing when planning a hazel coppice. Both sides of the hedge are trimmed and stakes are set in a single line, 18” apart then bound using binders. Some would argue it is the most attractive of the hedge-laying styles. Many different hedge-laying styles have evolved to reflect a region’s farming practices and its native trees and shrubs. Hedge laying is a seasonal job carried out between October and March when trees and shrubs are dormant, and birds have finished nesting in the hedges. Midland I absorbed the information like a sponge, and freely admit to giving a loud ‘whoop’ when my first ‘pleach’ was praised and deemed a success by Tom, one of the course tutors. Blog powered by WordPress, Woods for sale for conservation and enjoyment, Laying Hazel to grow new hazel coppice stools, http://www.cotswoldtv.com/feature_player_fftv.php?id=304. In reality it may also depend on the vicissitudes of management and when the owner gets round to it, but hazel is very forgiving - it just keeps growing and within reason you can adjust what you use it for according to the size it's grown to. The ash tree is not ready for coppicing but the hazel and thorn could be laid to fill the gaps. A few years back I attended a hedge laying course and have been doing some hedge laying every year since. Devon Ideally, these should be no thicker than around 25mm – the thinner they are the more flexible they will be for weaving – and around 2.5-3m long. Hazel Hedge Plants Description. Any large gaps should have new whips planted to fill the spaces. Traditionally, most hedge layers use a billhook for cutting through stems and branches. It is generally larger and heavier than many other designs, making it ideal for cutting through bigger stems. Bind the stakes firmly together, using long, thin and flexible hazel rods, known as binders, heathers or weavers. Words Louise AllenPhotography Andrew MontgomeryIllustration Liam McAuley. Today, with local or home-grown products increasingly popular, these provide perfect plant supports for beans and other herbaceous climbers in place of imported bamboo, as well as being used for fencing hurdles. How to make an adjustable pot hanger system. Over the centuries, different areas developed their own distinctive styles of hedgelaying, based on local customs and also on the locally different requirements and available materials. Hello and thank you for an interesting piece on coppicing. The pleachers, or steepers as they are sometimes known in the region, are laid much closer to the horizontal than the usual uphill angle, and are pegged down with crooked hazel sticks that are used to secure the hedge. There are numerous different styles of billhook, which vary dramatically in weight and length. This hedge has already been cleared of brambles. See more ideas about living fence, willow fence, wattle fence. The hedge is cut close to the ground with plenty of thickness of material along the bottom; new shoots will grow from the already established root system. Iain Loasby is one such manager and he is extending the area of hazel coppice at Furzefield wood near Potters Bar in Hertfordshire. You can lay a bad hedge, and once you put the binding at the top, it looks like a million bucks.” After they are laid, Jones hedgerows must be trimmed every two or three years to prevent overgrowth and re-lay them once every generation to keep them maintained. Binders (Heatherings) Long straight rods at least 8ft (2.4 m) long and typically 1 … Learn the art of hedge laying, how to restore neglected hedges, as well as planning and creating a new hedge. Dead wood is used to protect the regrowth from being browsed by stock. This is also known as the bullock style because it was traditionally used by farmers with large animals, where the hedge needed to be able to withstand the weight of cows pushing against it. As he already has some hazel coppice in the woodland he can create new hazel from what he already has - he doesn't need to buy in plants from a nursery which may be a different strain altogether. Hazel and ash are good woods to use, and you should be able to source stakes from a local woodland worker. We supply sustainably sourced hazel coppice products, as well as a range of other woodland products from rounds to firewood. They should be cut and laid out to one side so that they are available to fill the gap left when the last pleachers of the adjacent section are laid. Now he needs a way of keeping it on the ground so that it doesn't spring up and try to grow vertically again. Usually hazel rods are used for the stakes .There was a chap in the UK got his PHd from working out how old a hawthorn hedge was by looking at the number of species were living in it .There are some hedges in England now thought to be over a thousand years old. Many deciduous woodlands have good growths of hazel coppice: it springs from a single stump or "stool" into long, straight rods which can be cut every 10-15 years and the length of the rotation will depend on what the stems are to be used for. Stakes about 5′ or 6′ in length and straight, max. It is also the time of the year when many of the materials you’ll need for hedge-laying, such as the hazel and ash for the stakes and bindings that add strength and stability to the hedge, can be easily sourced. In the South of England style the hedge is cut and laid over to create a double brush on both sides. Once laid, a hedge simply needs regular trimming to keep it in good order for decades – far longer than a wooden fence and infinitely more beautiful. Hawthorn is the best species for laying but most common deciduous hedge shrubs such as ash, blackthorn, elm, field maple and hazel are also suitable. These he only cuts three-quarters of the way through so that the stalk can be bent over and laid onto the ground. The Somerset style uses a row ofstakes that are driven in alternately on either side of the hedge. For general information on hedge laying, see The National Hedge Laying Society website. A few long, thin binders are then bound between the stakes. Please discuss. Traditional regional styles. Although a well-laid hedge looks beautiful, the original aim was to create a fence to stop sheep, cattle and other stock from straying. Sawn stakes and rails are then used to finish the hedge. Here are just a few: Yorkshire Hazel & willow rods in various sizes. The ‘pleachers’ are then weaved in and out of the hazel stakes, with a stake every 21 inches. To add strength and stability to your hedge you will need to drive in a series of upright stakes, at intervals of around 50cm, along the whole of its length. Hazel has distinctive pale yellow fluffy catkins known as lambs tails appear from January to March and hang along the length of the bare twigs, not just at the ends. Berkshire, or Moss pattern, billhook is smaller than the Yorkshire pattern, and offers a well-balanced blade and handle that is easy to use. Lots of background information about hedgerows - their history, conservation value and the law. Hedgelaying is a way of maintaining a hedge, Quicksetting is establishment. Kent pattern billhook has a deeper blade than the Berkshire pattern, with a short nose that is useful for working at the bottom of a hedge. Pruning saws are ideal for cutting down cleft stumps. The hedge-layer then cuts away pleaches, that is the stem towards ground level and arches it over at an angle of 60 degrees, encouraging new shoots to grow straight upwards. H4a This hedge has also been layed through conservation laying. The Yorkshire style creates a very thin hedge. round or cleft chestnut posts. But it's not just about what the wood can be used for - it creates a habitat in which lots of other plants, birds and woodland animals will thrive. They also create a very attractive top to your hedge. Coppiced hazel (Corylus avellana) has been valued for centuries for the long, straight stems that grow in response to a hard prune. Stakes 5 ‘ 6’’ (1.7m) long and should be pointed and squared. If you're used to buying our magazine from the shops, you can now order and receive the next issue delivered to your home, How designer Erik Funneman maximised space in a small city garden, Win a kitchen planter and grow bag tray container from Forest Garden, The best firewood for wood burning stoves, Design solutions: Retaining walls and plantable structures. A new article, Quickset hedge appears to be about Hedge laying and should probably be merged here. So how does he do it? Diversity of species within the hedge is best for ensuring longevity and attracting biodiversity. Binders about 15′ long in, bundles of 20 at £13.50 per bundle. Yorkshire billhook is the preferred billhook for many professional hedge layers. Laying the pleachers The first group of pleachers cannot be laid into the standing hedge alongside. South of England It has a square-shaped, doubled-edged head and a short nose (the hook on the end). 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